Asthma is a condition where the lungs become inflamed and airways become constricted, blocking air from flowing. These blockages can result in mild coughing to a full blown asthma attack. Asthma affects millions of people each year.

Causes of Asthma

The specific cause of asthma is not known, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors such as:

  • Allergens such as pollen or animal dander
  • Respiratory infections
  • Cold air
  • Physical activity
  • Food allergies
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Air pollutants

Symptoms of Asthma

Symptoms of asthma include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain or tightness
  • Bouts of coughing or wheezing
  • Trouble sleeping due to coughing
  • Whistling sound when exhaling

Cases of asthma can vary from occurring a few times a week up to a few times everyday.

Diagnosis of Asthma

Certain diagnostic tests like a spirometry and peak flow can be used to diagnose asthma if symptoms are present.

Treatment of Asthma

While asthma is a serious condition with no cure, it can usually be controlled through long-term medications. The method to controlling asthma is based on the prevention of an attack and the treatment of symptoms when recognized. Quick-relief medications can also be used to treat attacks. It is important to monitor your asthma symptoms and take measures to avoid triggers and prevent serious attacks.

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